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Contribution Details

Type Journal Article
Scope Discipline-based scholarship
Title Trolleys, crashes, and perception - a survey on how current autonomous vehicles debates invoke problematic expectations
Organization Unit
  • Suzanne Tolmeijer
  • Vicky Arpatzoglou
  • Luca Rossetto
  • Abraham Bernstein
Item Subtype Original Work
Refereed Yes
Status Published in final form
  • English
Journal Title AI and Ethics
Publisher Springer
Geographical Reach international
ISSN 2730-5953
Volume 4
Number 2
Page Range 473 - 484
Date 2024
Abstract Text Ongoing debates about ethical guidelines for autonomous vehicles mostly focus on variations of the ‘Trolley Problem’. Using variations of this ethical dilemma in preference surveys, possible implications for autonomous vehicles policy are discussed. In this work, we argue that the lack of realism in such scenarios leads to limited practical insights. We run an ethical preference survey for autonomous vehicles by including more realistic features, such as time pressure and a non-binary decision option. Our results indicate that such changes lead to different outcomes, calling into question how the current outcomes can be generalized. Additionally, we investigate the framing effects of the capabilities of autonomous vehicles and indicate that ongoing debates need to set realistic expectations on autonomous vehicle challenges. Based on our results, we call upon the field to re-frame the current debate towards more realistic discussions beyond the Trolley Problem and focus on which autonomous vehicle behavior is considered not to be acceptable, since a consensus on what the right solution is, is not reachable.
Free access at DOI
Digital Object Identifier 10.1007/s43681-023-00284-7
Other Identification Number merlin-id:23629
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