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Contribution Details

Type Journal Article
Scope Discipline-based scholarship
Title Brothers increase women’s gender conformity
Organization Unit
  • Anne Ardila Brenøe
Item Subtype Original Work
Refereed Yes
Status Published in final form
  • English
Journal Title Journal of Population Economics
Publisher Springer
Geographical Reach international
ISSN 0933-1433
Volume 35
Number 4
Page Range 1859 - 1896
Date 2022
Abstract Text I examine how one central aspect of the family environment - sibling sex composition - affects women’s gender conformity. Using Danish administrative data, I causally estimate the effect of having a second-born brother relative to a sister for first-born women. I show that women with a brother acquire more traditional gender roles as measured through their choice of occupation and partner. This results in a stronger response to motherhood in labor market outcomes. As a relevant mechanism, I provide evidence of increased gender-specialized parenting in families with mixed-sex children. Finally, I find persistent effects on the next generation of girls.
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Digital Object Identifier 10.1007/s00148-021-00830-9
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Keywords Economics and econometrics, demography, gender norms, gender conformity, sibling sex, occupational choice, motherhood