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Contribution Details

Type Conference or Workshop Paper
Scope Discipline-based scholarship
Published in Proceedings Yes
Title Project archetypes: A blessing and a curse for AI development
Organization Unit
  • Mateusz Dolata
  • Kevin Crowston
  • Gerhard Schwabe
Presentation Type paper
Item Subtype Original Work
Refereed Yes
Status Published in final form
  • English
Event Title International Conference on Information Systems, ICIS 2022
Event Type conference
Event Location Copenhagen, Denmark
Event Start Date December 9 - 2022
Event End Date December 14 - 2022
Place of Publication Copenhagen, Denmark
Publisher Association for Information Systems
Abstract Text Software projects rely on what we call project archetypes, i.e., pre-existing mental images of how projects work. They guide distribution of responsibilities, planning, or expectations. However, with the technological progress, project archetypes may become outdated, ineffective, or counterproductive by impeding more adequate approaches. Understanding archetypes of software development projects is core to leverage their potential. The development of applications using machine learning and artificial intelligence provides a context in which existing archetypes might outdate and need to be questioned, adapted, or replaced. We analyzed 36 interviews from 21 projects between IBM Watson and client companies and identified four project archetypes members initially used to understand the projects. We then derive a new project archetype, cognitive computing project, from the interviews. It can inform future development projects based on AI-development platforms. Project leaders should proactively manage project archetypes while researchers should investigate what guides initial understandings of software projects.
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Other Identification Number merlin-id:22925
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