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Contribution Details

Type Journal Article
Scope Discipline-based scholarship
Title (Not) being granted the right to belong—Amateur football clubs in Germany
Organization Unit
  • Helmut Max Dietl
  • Tina Nobis
  • Carlos Gomez-Gonzalez
  • Cornel Nesseler
Item Subtype Original Work
Refereed Yes
Status Published in final form
  • English
Journal Title International Review for the Sociology of Sport
Publisher Sage Publications
Geographical Reach international
ISSN 1012-6902
Volume 57
Number 7
Page Range 1157 - 1174
Date 2022
Abstract Text Empirical studies show that first- and second-generation immigrants are less likely to be members of sports clubs than their non-immigrant peers. Common explanations are cultural differences and socioeconomic disadvantages. However, lower participation rates in amateur sport could be at least partly due to ethnic discrimination. Are minority ethnic groups granted the same right to belong as their non-immigrant peers? To answer this question, this paper uses publicly available data from a field experiment in which mock applications were sent out to over 1,600 football clubs in Germany. Having a foreign-sounding name significantly reduces the likelihood of being invited to participate. The paper concludes that amateur football clubs are not as permeable as they are often perceived to be. It claims that traditional explanations for lower participation rates of immigrants need to be revisited.
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Official URL
Digital Object Identifier 10.1177/10126902211061303
Other Identification Number merlin-id:21619
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Additional Information Lizenz CC-BY-4.0