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Contribution Details

Type Journal Article
Scope Discipline-based scholarship
Title Between‐ and within‐person structures of value traits and value states: Four different structures, four different interpretations
Organization Unit
  • Ewa Skimina
  • Jan Cieciuch
  • William Revelle
Item Subtype Original Work
Refereed Yes
Status Published in final form
  • English
Journal Title Journal of Personality
Publisher Wiley-Blackwell Publishing, Inc.
Geographical Reach international
ISSN 0022-3506
Volume 89
Number 5
Page Range 951 - 969
Date 2021
Abstract Text Objective The circular structure of values has been verified mostly at a between-person level and on measures of general value preferences. In this manuscript, we argue that it is a simplification that neglected significant aspects of the value structures and distinguish four different types of structures: (a) between-person structure of value traits, (b) within-person structure of value traits, (c) between-person structure of value states, and (d) within-person structure of value states. We argue that the within-person structure of value states addresses the circular structure of values most accurately. Method To compare all four structures, we collected three partially dependent samples (N1 = 449, N2 = 293, N3 = 218) of adults (age 17–57, M = 24). At three time points, separated by 5–7 weeks, respondents completed a questionnaire measure (Portrait Values Questionnaire-Revised [PVQ-RR]) of value preferences (value traits) and reported the importance of values in their everyday actions (value states) for 1 week in an experience sampling study. Results The four types of value structures were stable over time. All four were also consistent with Schwartz's value model to some degree, but at the same time, there were some deviations. Conclusions It is important to distinguish four types of value structures and be aware of their different interpretations that we outlined in this paper.
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Digital Object Identifier 10.1111/jopy.12627
Other Identification Number merlin-id:21254
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