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Contribution Details

Type Journal Article
Scope Discipline-based scholarship
Title Do female officers improve law enforcement quality? effects on crime reporting and domestic violence
Organization Unit
  • Amalia R Miller
  • Carmit Segal
Item Subtype Original Work
Refereed Yes
Status Published in final form
  • English
Journal Title Review of Economic Studies
Publisher Oxford University Press
Geographical Reach international
ISSN 0034-6527
Volume 86
Number 5
Page Range 2220 - 2247
Date 2019
Abstract Text We study the impact of the integration of women in U.S. policing between the late 1970s and early 1990s on violent crime reporting and domestic violence (DV). Along these two key dimensions, we find that female officers improved police quality. Crime victimization data reveal that as female representation increases among officers in an area, violent crimes against women in that area, and especially DV, are reported to the police at significantly higher rates. There are no such effects for violent crimes against men or from increases in the female share of civilian police employees. Furthermore, increases in female officer shares are followed by significant declines in rates of intimate partner homicide and non-fatal domestic abuse. These effects are all consistent between fixed effects models with controls for economic and policy variables and models that focus exclusively on increases in female police employment driven by externally imposed affirmative action plans following litigation for employment discrimination.
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Digital Object Identifier 10.1093/restud/rdy051
Other Identification Number merlin-id:17400
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