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Contribution Details

Type Journal Article
Scope Discipline-based scholarship
Title Measuring value sensitivity in medicine
Organization Unit
Authors
  • Christian Ineichen
  • Markus Christen
  • Carmen Tanner
Item Subtype Original Work
Refereed Yes
Status Published in final form
Language
  • English
Journal Title BMC Medical Ethics
Publisher BioMed Central
Geographical Reach international
ISSN 1472-6939
Volume 18
Number 5
Page Range 5
Date 2017
Abstract Text Background: Value sensitivity – the ability to recognize value-related issues when they arise in practice – is an indispensable competence for medical practitioners to enter decision-making processes related to ethical questions. However, the psychological competence of value sensitivity is seldom an explicit subject in the training of medical professionals. In this contribution, we outline the traditional concept of moral sensitivity in medicine and its revised form conceptualized as value sensitivity and we propose an instrument that measures value sensitivity. Methods: We developed an instrument for assessing the sensitivity for three value groups (moral-related values, values related to the principles of biomedical ethics, strategy-related values) in a four step procedure: 1) value identification (n = 317); 2) value representation (n = 317); 3) vignette construction and quality evaluation (n = 37); and 4) instrument validation by comparing nursing professionals with hospital managers (n = 48). Results: We find that nursing professionals recognize and ascribe importance to principle-related issues more than professionals from hospital management. The latter are more likely to recognize and ascribe importance to strategy-related issues. Conclusions: These hypothesis-driven results demonstrate the discriminatory power of our newly developed instrument, which makes it useful not only for health care professionals in practice but for students and people working in the clinical context as well.
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Digital Object Identifier 10.1186/s12910-016-0164-7
PubMed ID 28129753
Other Identification Number merlin-id:14745
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