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Contribution Details

Type Journal Article
Scope Discipline-based scholarship
Title Testing for Approximate Measurement Invariance of Human Values in the European Social Survey
Organization Unit
  • Jan Cieciuch
  • Eldad Davidov
  • René Algesheimer
  • Peter Schmidt
Item Subtype Original Work
Refereed Yes
Status Published in final form
  • English
Journal Title Sociological Methods & Research
Publisher Sage Publications Ltd.
Geographical Reach international
ISSN 0049-1241
Volume 47
Number 4
Page Range 665 - 686
Date 2018
Abstract Text Measurement invariance is a necessary precondition for meaningful cross-country comparisons, and three levels have been differentiated: configural, metric, and scalar. Unfortunately, establishing the most stringent form, i.e., scalar measurement invariance, across groups is difficult. Recently, Muthén and Asparouhov proposed testing for approximate rather than exact measurement invariance as this may be sufficient for meaningful comparisons. Following their strategy, the results of cross-country approximate measurement invariance tests of the PVQ-21 scale to measure values in the European Social Survey (ESS) are presented (N = 274,447 respondents from 15 countries participating in all six rounds). Applying the new approximate method for the test of measurement invariance allows both using more moderate constraints of approximate equality of parameters across groups and exploring the extent of noninvariance. Approximate measurement invariance was established in almost all rounds for two higher-order values: openness to change and self-enhancement. In the case of the two other higher-order values, self-transcendence and conservation, approximate measurement invariance was established across a subset of countries.
Digital Object Identifier 10.1177/0049124117701478
Other Identification Number merlin-id:14239
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Keywords Exact and approximate measurement invariance, Human values, European Social Survey, Bayesian analysis, PVQ-21