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Contribution Details

Type Working Paper
Scope Discipline-based scholarship
Title Parenting with style: altruism and paternalism in intergenerational preference transmission
Organization Unit
  • Matthias Doepke
  • Fabrizio Zilibotti
  • English
Institution University of Zurich : UBS International Center of Economics in Society
Series Name UBS Center Working Paper Series
Number 8
ISSN 2296-2751
Number of Pages 32
Date 2014
Abstract Text We develop a theory of intergenerational transmission of preferences that rationalizes the choice between alternative parenting styles (as set out in Baumrind 1967). Parents maximize an objective function that combines Beckerian altruism and paternalism towards children. They can affect their children's choices via two channels: either by influencing children's preferences or by imposing direct restrictions on their choice sets. Different parenting styles (authoritarian, authoritative, and permissive) emerge as equilibrium outcomes, and are affected both by parental preferences and by the socioeconomic environment. Parenting style, in turn, feeds back into the children's welfare and economic success. The theory is consistent with the decline of authoritarian parenting observed in industrialized countries, and with the greater prevalence of more permissive parenting in countries characterized by low inequality.
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Keywords Intergenerational preference transmission, altruism, paternalism, entrepreneurship, innovation
Additional Information Auch erschienen als CEPR Discussion Paper 10029