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Contribution Details

Type Journal Article
Scope Discipline-based scholarship
Title Stability and change of basic personal values in early adolescence: A 2‐year longitudinal study
Organization Unit
  • Michele Vecchione
  • Shalom H Schwartz
  • Eldad Davidov
  • Jan Cieciuch
  • Guido Alessandri
  • Gilda Marsicano
Item Subtype Original Work
Refereed Yes
Status Published in final form
  • English
Journal Title Journal of Personality
Publisher Wiley-Blackwell Publishing, Inc.
Geographical Reach international
ISSN 0022-3506
Volume 88
Number 3
Page Range 447 - 463
Date 2020
Abstract Text Objective: We examined patterns of change and stability in the whole set of ten Schwartz values over two years during early adolescence. Method: Participants completed the Portrait Values Questionnaire repeatedly throughout the junior high school years. The study involved six waves of data and a total of 382 respondents aged 10 years at the first measurement occasion (43% female). We investigated multiple types of stability in the values: mean-level, rank-order, and ipsative (or profile) stability. Results: At the mean-level, self-enhancement and openness to change values increased in importance. Self-direction and hedonism values showed the greatest increase – about one third of a standard deviation. Conservation and self-transcendence values did not change with the exception of tradition, which decreased slightly.. After correcting for measurement error, rank-order stability coefficients ranged from .39 (hedonism) to .77 (power). Correlations between value hierarchies measured two years apart were ≥ .85 for 75% of respondents, and ≤ .12 for 5% of the respondents. Thus only a small proportion of participants experienced a marked change in the relative importance they ascribed to the ten values. Conclusions: Results are discussed and related to earlier findings on patterns and magnitude of value change during other periods of the life span.
Digital Object Identifier 10.1111/jopy.12502
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Keywords Schwartz's theory of basic human values; value change; stability; early adolescence